Parasite gonococcus relating to Neisseriaceae family (genus Neisseria), was discovered in 1879 by German scientist Neisseria. As the intracellular and extracellular parasite, it has a length of about 1.5 microns, therefore only available for studying from a light microscope after immersion. If you look through the apparatus, the parasite is entirely reminiscent of Bob. By the method of Gram, the microbe has a negative attitude (that is discolored under its influence) for painting. Propagation is usually by dividing by 2 (diplococcus) or 4 (tetrakokk) part. It is also possible reproduction by budding under pathological conditions.
How dangerous is this microbe?
Gonococcus is a specific parasite pyogenic man, he does not have the mobility and does not form spores. Microbes may reside inside white blood cells, epithelial cells and other cells or outside the cells. They are able to penetrate into larger bacterial cells, for example, Trichomonas. The parasite has a three-layer outer membrane containing a variety of proteins, under which is hidden inside of the microorganism. Outside of the multilayer membrane is protected by a capsule. Microfilaments, which are located on the outer side of the gonococcus, it helps affect healthy cells. One of the features is its ability to gonorrhea in the case of adverse effects fall into a state similar anabiosis (forming an L-shaped), which helps to keep the microorganism itself during treatment and later manifested recurrent disease.
- When ingested pathogen usually remains in place the initial deployment, often on the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system. The men found discharge from the urethra, women are present in the urethra and cervical mucus. However, moving on the mucosa of the genital organs, micro-organisms get into the lymphatic vessels and are carried through them sufficiently far away from the first contact with the body. Therefore gonococci can affect the joints, and endocarditis. Together with blood microorganisms can spread throughout the body and cause the development of sepsis.
True immunity to gonococcal infection body does not produce. Once a person has been ill with gonorrhea every chance of re-infected with the disease. Re-infection occurs in as acute as the primary.
How do you get it?
Transmitted pathogens typically during unprotected sexual intercourse. There are cases (though they are extremely rare) infection household by, for example, when using common objects hygiene. Household by this parasite usually only infects children. Outside a living organism parasites are able to survive for long. In humid environments, it is viable to days in water – about 7 hours, the soap solution – to 2 hours in portions of pus living microbe until dry pus. With increasing temperature, its resistance decreases. So if at 45 ° C it is able to survive 6-7 hours in the same medium at 50 ° C parasite “hold” only 8-10 minutes.
Signs of infection
The incubation period of the parasite is from two to seven to ten days. About half of infected women and 10% of infected men signs of infection are observed. The following symptoms can be called the characteristic signs of infection:
- Pain during urination
- pus (from the urethra and the vagina)
- discomfort in the abdomen
What treatment exists for gonococcus?
The lack of qualified treatment leads to the fact that the gonococci multiply massively, which can cause infertility. Microbes are capable of adapting to the habitat, changing thus its qualitative characteristics. Recently, scientists have noted the increased resistance of parasites to traditional antibiotics.