The human body is arranged in such a way that all the bodies can be divided into vital and auxiliaries. Liver clearly belongs to the first group of “vital”. Its importance in maintaining the viability of the organism can not be overstated. It is a powerful parenchymal organ, combines the functions of the digestive gland and peculiar biochemical laboratory.
It is here that all the central biochemical reactions and are responsible for the maintenance of life processes.
Naturally, the more complex the structure of the body and the higher the load on it, the more vulnerable it is. And despite the excellent regenerative capacity and restoration of the liver, the number of her diseases that go into liver failure, continues to grow steadily.
Where is the liver in humans?
- Like all vital organs, the liver is located in the central portions of the body. It covers virtually the entire upper right abdominal department, under the diaphragm. The bulk of the body fixed under the ligaments of her right dome that is projected onto the anterior abdominal wall, as the region of the right costal arch and hypochondria. This department is directed to the left liver gradually tapering to full Joining an acute angle in the form of a wedge closer to the left upper quadrant. Therefore, if you have problems with the liver, patients complain of pain or discomfort in the right upper quadrant with a possible extension to the epigastrium.
Liver function in humans:
As many functions as they perform liver, does not provide any organ in the human body. These include:
- Detoxification – neutralization of toxic compounds that enter the blood from the environment (alcohol, toxins, drugs)
- Recycling and inactivation of toxic metabolic products formed in the body during the life (breakdown products of protein, phenol, ketone compounds and acetone)
- Participation in the exchange of vitamins and minerals deposition of water-soluble vitamins B, C, PP, as well as fat-soluble A, E, K, trace elements iron, copper and cobalt
- Participation in the synthesis of sex steroid, thyroid, adrenal hormones and disposal of excess
- Regulation of carbohydrate metabolism
- Deposition and distribution of energy in the body substrates (glucose, glycogen) by processes glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis, glycolysis
- Participation in lipid metabolism (metabolism of cholesterol, phospholipids, fatty acids, lipoproteins)
- Implementation of the central processes of protein metabolism: synthesis of protein components of cell membranes and transport proteins, the redistribution of amino acids
- Involved in the synthesis immunogobullinov, antibodies and other important protein of the immune system
- Synthesis of plasma coagulation factors and anticoagulant blood system
- The function of blood, especially in the prenatal period and childhood
- Synthesis of bile and enzymes that are involved in digestion. Their main role – the breakdown of fats
- Implementation of bilirubin metabolism and neutralization by conjugation with glucuronic acid
- Deposition of the blood, which allows it to redistribute the case of necessity (release of blood vessels in its deficiency of blood loss during concentration or congestive heart failure)
- Liver – is the largest gland of the human body, which carries out most of the functions of all the organs. Liver damage may be accompanied, as a violation of one or all of its functions, which is the basis of the severity of the disease.
The group of hepatic disease may include any kind of destruction of all structures which do not go beyond the anatomical limits of the body. This may be hepatocytes and liver slices that they form intrahepatic arterial and venous blood vessels, and bile ducts. Diseases of the extrahepatic bile ducts and gall bladder should be considered a separate heading.